Counts Historian, ELIHU JASPER SUTHERLAND
Elihu Jasper Sutherland
ELIHU JASPER SUTHERLAND, came from hearty stock and was truly a man among men. This researcher extraordinaire began his thirst for stories about Counts and related kin at the feet of his grandmother, SYLVIA COUNTS SUTHERLAND, wife of WILLIAM SUTHERLAND. Sylvia, born 10/5/1826, was the first born child of JOSHUA COUNTS and his wife MARTHA KISER COUNTS. Joshua, was a son of JOHN COUNTS (JR. of Cleveland, VA) and MARGARET KELLY COUNTS, who was a son of JOHN COUNTS OF GLADE HOLLOW and MARY MAGDELINE COUNTS.
Elihu's grandfather, William, born 3/25/1822, was the son of DANIEL and PHOEBE FULLER SUTHERLAND, and was an avid hunter in then known as Russell County, Virginia, and had lived on the Clinch River. William, was a man of vision. Even today in 2017, one only need attempt to reach the area he carved his home from to realize this man had great courage and was forward thinking. Without roads as we know them today, following trails set by animals or perhaps Indians, and foraging through forests teeming with wild animals, William followed the probably as yet unnamed Frying Pan Creek, and up, up, up a mile of ever twisting hill to build a little log cabin from scratch for his wife and first child, JASPER in about 1846. Ellihu's grandfather cleared the trees continually to enlarge land on which to plant crops and orchards, and to a make better home for their ever growing family. William's brother, JAMES SUTHERLAND and cousin, ABEDNIGO KISER were his nearest neighbors - a mile away! The next nearest neighbor was seven miles away!!
In 1855, William bought what would become his final home site which he named, "Fairview". He paid $90 for 400 acres, eventually owning 2500 acres of this area's mountainous wild forest land. From his previous home on the Clinch River, he brought with him seeds to begin an orchard of peaches, apples and pears. His farm produced corn, and other vegetables but also wheat, rye, barley, oats and tobacco. Elihu's grandfather was industrious. In order to make bread, William had to take his corn, wheat and rye back to the water mills on the Clinch River to be ground. This alone would have taken such preparation and the journey would have been extensive. He raised cattle, hogs and had stands of bees to make honey. He utilized some of the fruit from his orchards to produce brandy at a distillery he operated.
Women weren't particularly thought of as the weaker sex then as they did more than their share of work on the farm, in the home and with the children. Sylvia & William's union produced their children: JASPER b 1845, NEWTON b 1847, ELIJAH THURMAN b 1849, JOSHUA P b 1851, PHOEBE b 1853, MARTHA TAYLOR b 1855, DANIEL BOONE R. b 1857, WILLIAM BEAUREGARD b 1857, MARGARET b 1863, an unnamed boy b 1865, GEORGE WASHINGTON b 1867, an unnamed boy b 1870 and lastly, LEANDER b 1872. That's 13 children if you were counting. 13 pregnancies. No hospitals. Home deliveries. No disposable diapers. That's 15 mouths to daily feed and tend to. Oh, my.
These were the days of no cars, no railways; other than your own two feet, horses were the preferred mode of transportation and much needed wagons as the nearest store or post office was located in Lebanon which was over 25 miles away. At some point a church had been built seven miles away, Sandlick Baptist Church, where they attended, perhaps, once a month. Sometimes, church was wherever you made it and at times, coming together was at someone's home. In 1879, SULPHUR SPRING PRIMITIVE BAPTIST CHURCH was duly organized. In 1875, Elihu's grandfather donated the land and the logs to erect the first school house, SULPHUR SPRING SCHOOL which located on FRYING PAN CREEk and was also used for church services until the actual church was built nearby in 1898.
E.J., was born 12/22/1885 to ELIZA JANE COUNTS SUTHERLAND and WILLIAM BEAUREGARD SUTHERLAND. Eliza, was a daughter of NOAH COUNTS & AILY AMBURGEY COUNTS.
TO BE CONTINUED
Source info was taken from Some Descendants of John Counts of Glade Hollow
Written by Phyllis Counts, dau of Eugene Edison Counts of Nealy Ridge, Virginia